The Woodbridge Ancestors

John Woodbridge  1613-1695

John Woodbridge was born at Stanton, Wiltshire, England in 1613. His father was the Rector of the parish of Stanton, near Highworth, at Wiltshire. When his father died at Stanton, England on 9 December 1637, his mother, Sarah Parker Woodbridge, remarried.
 
John Woodbridge was educated at Oxford, but refused to take the oath of conformity. The "Mary and John" made another voyage across the Atlantic in 1634. In 1634, he left Mildenhall, Wiltshire and came to New England on the ship "Mary and John", with his uncles - Rev. Thomas Parker and Rev. Noyes. John Woodbridge settled at Newbury, Mass., as a planter and was the first town clerk there from 1634 to 1638. In 1637, he was the "surveyor of arms" and a representative, from Newbury to the General Court in 1637, 1640 and 1641. About 1639, he married Mercy Dudley, who was baptized at Northampton, England, on 27 September 1621 to Thomas Dudley and Dorothy Yorke. Thomas Dudley was a noted Puritan and Deputy Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Mercy and John Woodbridge had eleven children. Their first child, Sarah, was born on 7 June 1640. Lucy was born on 13 March 1642. In 1642, John Woodbridge returned to England, for a short time, to settle his father's estate. In 1643, John Woodbridge kept school at Boston, Mass., and moved to Andover, Mass. John  Jr. and Benjamin were born at Andover in 1644 and 1645. John Woodbridge was ordained as the first minister at Andover on 24 October 1645. Now the Rev. John Woodbridge, and others, negotiated the purchase of some plantations from the Indians, and this land eventually became the town of Andover, Mass.
 
In 1647, John again returned to England with his wife and four children, and settled at Burford, St. Martins, where he became the Chaplin to the Parliamentary Commissioners. On this journey he carried a manuscript of poetry by his sister-in-law Anne Dudly Bradstreet without her knowledge. He had it published in London as ‘The Tenth Muse,Lately Sprung Up into America, by a Gentlewoman in such Parts ]The publication appears to have been an attempt by Puritan men (Thomas Dudley, Simon Bradstreet, and Woodbridge) to show that a godly and educated woman could elevate the position held by a wife and mother, without necessarily placing her in competition with men. Click on THE TENTH MUSE to read the poem and analysis..
 
Afterwards he was the minister at Andover, Hants and at Barford-St. Martins (Wiltshire, England). Two more babies,Thomas and Dorothy,  were born at England about 1648 and 1650. Anne, named after Dorothy's sister, was born at England about 1653. Timothy Woodbridge was born at Barford, St. Martins, Wiltshire, England, on 13 January 1656. Joseph was born the following year. His younger sisters were born in 1659 and 1660. Timothy now had four older sisters, two younger sisters, three older brothers and one younger brother. That's eleven children in all! 
In 1662 Rev. John Woodbridge was driven, by the Bartholomew Act, from a school he had established at Newbury, England. In 1663 the Woodbrige family, with all eleven children,  returned to Boston in the ship "Society", after spending sixteen years at England. Timothy was six years old when the family returned to Boston. The Woodbridge family settled at Newbury Mass. 
 
Rev. John Woodbridge was made an assistant to his uncle, Rev. Thomas Parker, until November 1670, when he was dismissed from the Newbury school in England.  Several times he was chosen as the first Magistrate for the Colony and was the Justice of the Peace for the county of Essex for a number of years. He was an Assistant of the Massachusetts Colony in 1683 and 1684. Rev. John Woodbridge was a rather wealthy man for his time, owning about a 600 acre farm, four horses and many livestock. Mercy died at Newbury in  691, and John died there in 1695.

Timothy Woodbridge

Timothy Woodbridge was born at Barford, St. Martins, Wiltshire, England, on 13 January 1656. Timothy was six years old when the family returned to Boston. The Woodbridge family settled at Newbury Mass. Timothy Woodbridge graduated from Harvard College in 1675 and became the minister of the First Church at Hartford, CT in 1683. Timothy Woodbridge was ordained as the pastor there on 18 November 1685. In 1685,
 
Timothy Woodbridge married Mehitable Wyllys, the granddaughter of Govennor George Wyllys.  Mehitable was the widow of Rev. Isaac Foster (she was also the widow of Rev. Daniel Russell of Charlestown, Mass.). Mehitable had two daughters by her previous marriages: Mable Russell was seven and Ann Foster was four. The Woodbridges are generations of ministers, while the Wyllys are generations of governors. The Wyllys ancestors were founders of Harvard. The Woodbridges were founders of Yale.
 
Timothy and Mehitable Woodbridge had four children: Timothy Woodbridge Jr., our ancestor, was baptized in 1686. Mary was baptized on 19 June 1692, and married in 1724 to Hon. William Pitkin (Governor of Connecticut). Ruth was baptized on 18 August 1695, and married in 1716 to Rev. John Pierson. John was baptized on 31 January 1697, and was buried on 6 February 1697.
 
Mehitable Woodbridge died on 21 December 1698. Rev. Timothy Woodbridge became a widower with five children. His step-daughters, Mabel Russell and Ann Foster were twenty-one and eighteen. Young Timothy Woodbridge was twelve years old. Mary was six, and Ruth was three.
Rev. Timothy Woodbridge's step-daughters married shortly after their mother's death. Ann Foster married Rev. Thomas Buckingham in 1699 and 2nd to Rev. William Burham. Mabel Russell married Rev. John Hubbard in 1701 and 2nd in to Rev. Samuel Woodbridge, who was Timothy's nephew. Samuel was the son of Benjamin Woodbridge.
 
Rev Timothy Woodbridge married again about 1702 to Mary (Pitkin) Howell, who died several years later. Timothy and Mary had three children: Samuel was born about 1701, Susanna was baptized on 6 February 1703. Ashbel was baptized at Hartford on 10 June 1704.
 
Timothy Woodbridge was one of the ten principal ministers of Connecticut to found Yale College in 1699. He was a Fellow of Yale from 1700 to 1732, and took the rectorate there in 1722. He was concerned with the political affairs of the Colony and served on several committees named by the General Assembly. Timothy died on 30 April 1732 and was buried at Hartford. Abigail survived him by 22 years, dying on 1 January 1754.
 
 

Timothy Woodbridge Jr

Timothy Woodbridge Jr. was the oldest of four children, born in 1686. His baby brother died in February 6, 1697 when he was only a week old. Timothy Jr.'s mother, Mehitable (Wyllys) (Foster) Woodbridge, died in December 1698. At that time, Timothy Jr. was eleven years old and his sisters were six and three years old. His father had re-married Mary (Pitkin) Howell about 1702. She had two children: Susanne born in 1703 and Ashbel born in 1704.
 
Timothy Jr. graduated from Yale in 1706 and was ordained at Simsbury, CT in 1712. Timothy's father had founded Yale University and was a Fellow of Yale. Timothy Woodbridge Sr. and his wife lived in Hartford CT.
 
Dudley Woodbridge was the grandson of Timothy Woodbridge’s  brother, John Woodbridge. Timothy Jr and Dudley were second cousins.   In 1695 Dudley Woodbridge became the minister of the First Church of Simsbury, for which he was paid an annual salary of “20 pounds . . . is to be payed in silver money.” Dudley married Dorothy Lamb in 1706. Their son was born in 1708. After an illness which incapacitated him for his duties for five months, Dudley died August 13, 1710 at the age of thirty-five. He had been their minister for almost fifteen years. Timothy Woodbridge Jr was called upon to become the new minister.
 
Timothy Woodbridge Jr, the cousin and successor at Simsbury of Rev. Dudley, married his window February 14, 1712.  Dorothy Lamb, who was born on 2 June 1679.  Dorothy was the daughter of Rev. Joshua Lamb and Mary (Alcock) Lamb of Roxbury, Mass. Dorothy was thirty-three when she married Timothy. Timothy was twenty-six. Timothy noticed that the 200 acres ofland that had been grant to Dudley had been omitted from the inventory of his estate. In October of 1712 Timothy appeared before the Probate Court and made objections. The probate records are “silent as to the outcome of this new appraisal and the final distribution of the estate.”
 
 
Timothy and Dorothy lived at Simsbury CT.  Their first child, Timothy Woodbridge 3rd, was born in 1713.  A baby girl, Mary, was born in 1716.  Another boy, Haynes was born in October 1717. While Timothy Jr. was raising his family, his father was still having children. So Uncle Samuel was younger than Timothy and his brother and sister.
 

Dudley's  Estate Inventory

Timothy Jr.'s step-mother, Mary (Pitkin) (Howell) Woodbridge, died some time before 1715. His father, Timothy Woodbridge Sr., remarried widow, Abigail (Warren) Lord of Boston, in 1715. She had a baby boy, Theodore, born in 1717. So Uncle Teddy was the same age as Haynes, Timothy Jr's youngest child.
 
Timothy and Dorothy had two more boys born in 1720 and 1723. Timothy Woodbridge Jr. preached at Simsbury CT for thirty years. However, he became an active businessman.  By 1726 he was engaged in steel manufacturing, copper mining and making turpentine.
 
Their daughter, Mary Woodbridge, married Col. George Wyllys. Now remember, Timothy's mother was a Wyllys and her maternal grandparents were Samuel Wyllys and Ruth Mary (Haynes) Wyllys. George Wyllys was Samuel’s grandson.  
 
Their son, Haynes Woodbridge, married Elizabeth Griswold in 1742. The Griswolds were early settlers from Windsor CT Mary Griswold married David Porter!
 
Their son, Timothy Woodbridge 3rd grew up in Simsbury with his young sister and three younger brothers. He graduated from Yale in 1732. He too became a preacher. Timothy Woodbridge 3rd, married Sarah Welles Pitkin. She was the daughter of Gideon Welles and Hannah Chester, born in 1725.
 
Rev. Timothy Woodbridge Sr. died in April 1732 and was buried at Hartford. Rev. Timothy Woodbridge Jr. died at Simsbury, Hartford County, CT on 22 August 1742. Timothy Woodbridge 3rd died in 1770.
 
 

Timothy Woodbridge 3rd

Rev. Timothy Woodbridge 3rd was born at Simsbury, Ct., in 1713, and graduated from Yale in 1732. He married Sarah Welles about 1743. Sarah Welles was born on 6 December 1725; she was one of six children. Her father, Capt. Gideon Welles had died in March of 1740. Her mother, Hannah (Chester) Welles remarried Jonathan Hale. The Welles were an old Connecticut family.
 
Timothy's father, Rev. Timothy Woodbridge Jr. had graduated from Yale in 1706 and was ordained at Simsbury, CT in 1712, where he preached for 30 years. He had died at Simsbury, (or Hartford) on 22 August 1742.
 
Rev. Timothy Woodbridge 3rd first preached at Harwinton, CT, from 1735 to 1737. He tutored at Yale from 1737 to 1739 and was ordained at Hatfield, Mass., in 1740. In 1757, Rev. Timothy Woodbridge 3rd was the Chaplin of Col. Israel William's Regiment.
 
After Timothy and Sarah married they lived in Hatfield, Mass. They had four children. Timothy IV was born on 3 November 1745. Sarah Woodbridge, our ancestor, was born in 1746. Joshua Lamb Woodbridge was born about 1750, and Eunice Woodbridge was born in 1764.
 
Sarah Woodbridge married David Trowbridge at Deerfield, Mass. on 18 October 1770. . David Trowbridge was born at Wilton, Ct. in 1738. The Trowbridges lived in Danbury, CT. David's father, John Trowbridge, was a sergeant in the 3rd Regiment of Connecticut at Fort William Henry in October 1756 to August 1757.
 
Sarah's brother, Joshua Lamb Woodbridge, carried on the Woodbridge tradition. He  graduated from Yale in 1773 and became a minister.
 
Rev. Timothy Woodbridge 3rd was the pastor of the Church of Christ at the town of Hatfield for thirty years. He died at Hatfield, on 3 June 1770, while Sarah lived until 19 November 1781.

Lamb  Ancestors

Thomas Lamb was born at England about 1600, and was the first Lamb to come to New England. He lived at Barnardiston, Suffolkshire and was a merchant of London and emigrated from there with the Winthrop Fleet in July 1630. Thomas Lamb brought his wife, Elizabeth, and two sons, Thomas and John. Thomas was six and John was four years old. They landed at Boston and were one of the first settlers at Roxbury, Mass. On 18 May 1631 he took the Oath as a Freeman of Roxbury. Thomas and Elizabeth Lamb settled in Roxbury. Elizabeth gave birth to another baby boy, Samuel, who was baptized on 30 October 1631.
 
In July 1632, Dr. John Alcock and Thomas Lamb were two of the principle founders of the first church at Roxbury, along with John Eliot. Rev. John Eliot, as a pastor at Roxbury, learned the Indian dialects and began to preach to the Indians.
 
Elizabeth Lamb gave birth to another baby boy, Benjamin, on 28 November 1639. Both Elizabeth and the baby died that day. After Elizabeth and his son died Thomas Lamb remarried Dorothy Harbottle (Harbiddle or Harbittle).at Roxbury on 16 July 1640
Thomas and Dorothy Lamb, and Thomas' four children, stayed in Roxbury. They had four more children born between 1641 and 1646. Joshua Lamb was baptized at Roxbury on 27 November 1642.
 
Thomas Lamb bought a large tract of land at Dedham, Mass.. He and five others formed the first free school in America. Thomas Lamb died at Roxbury on 28 March 1646, and Dorothy remarried on 2 February 1652 to Thomas Hawley, of Roxbury.
 
By 1667 Joshua Lamb was about twenty-three and probably still lived with his step-father in Roxbury. In 1674 Joshua Lamb and Mary Alcock were married at Roxbury. Their first child, Josuha, named after his father, was born at Springfield on 3 October 1674. 
 
Joshua Lamb purchased land from the Indians, upon which the towns of Leicester and Spencer were built. Josuha Lamb was a soldier in the Kings Philip's War, and served under Capt. Thomas Brattle in August 1676. Josuha was the Justice of the Peace and Magistrate of Roxbury. He owned land at Roanoke, Va., which he sold in 1677.
 
Joshua and Mary Lamb's second child, Dorothy Lamb, was born on 8 June 1679. Another son was born in 1681. Mary gave birth to three more children between 1683 and 1685. All three died as infants. In April 1686, Mary gave birth to their seventh child, Samuel. Joshua Lamb, died on 23 September 1690, leaving Mary Lamb, a widow with four children. Dorothy was twenty-one; the youngest was fourteen. Mary Lamb died on 9 October 1700.
 
Dorothy Lamb first married Dudley Woodbridge, who was the first minister of Simsbury, CT.  After Dudley died, Dorothy remarried in 1712, to Dudley's cousin - Rev. Timothy Woodbridge Jr. Dorothy and Timothy had five children, including our ancestor - Timothy Woodbridge 3rd.

Alcock Ancestors

Dr. George Alcock was born between 1604 and 1610 and matriculated as a physician in 1622 from Cambridge. He was married first to Anne Hooker, who was the sister of Rev. Thomas Hooker. Rev. Hooker was the founder of Hartford CT George and Anne had just the one son.  John Alcock was born in 1627 at England. Anne died during the winter of 1630.
 
Dr. Alcock made a return voyage to England, where he married his second wife, Elizabeth, in 1636. He returned to Roxbury with his new wife and son, John.  John Alcock was nine years old at the time they returned to New England. Elizabeth and George Alcock had a son, Samuel, born at Roxbury on 16 April 1637.
 
George Alcock died at Roxbury on 30 December 1640.
 John Alcock was thirteen years old when his father died; his half-brother was only three. John's step-mother, Elizabeth, remarried in April 1641 to Henry Dingham, a surgeon from Watertown, Mass.
 
John Alcock graduated from Harvard College in 1646, with a Master's degree. He married in 1648 to Sarah Palgrave, who was born about 1621 to Dr. Richard Palgrave and Anna Harris, of Charlestown. Sara had emigrated from England with her parents, her brother and sister in the early summer of 1630. They had sailed with the Winthrop Fleet to Massachusetts. Sara's father was one of the earliest physicians to come to New England.
 
John Alcock taught school at Hartford, CT in 1647 and 1648, a position he probably obtained through the influence of his uncle, Rev. Thomas Hooker. John and Sarah Alcock had a baby girl born at Boston in 1649. The child died as an infant. Then in May 1650, they returned to Roxbury, Mass., where John Alcock was admitted to the church. Upon John's return to Roxbury, the relationship between the Alcocks and Lambs was renewed, even though their fathers had died. John Alcock was like a father to Joshua Lamb, who was only eight years old.
 
Sarah Alcock gave birth to twin girls, who were baptized 26 May 1650. Two years later, Mary Alcock was born at Roxbury in 1652. John Alcock became a large investor in lands in various parts of the Colony. He was admitted as a Freeman of the Colony in 1652, and owned several tracts of land at Northborough and Stow. Sarah Alcock had five more children born between 1655 and 1662. Sarah Alcock's father Dr. Richard Palgrave died sometime before 1655. Her mother returned to England, probably to be near her two married daughters who lived in the London vicinity.
On 23 May 1655, the General Court granted John Alcock 842 acres in the southeasterly part of Marlborough. John also held his father's land at Roxbury and an estate at Scituate. John Alcock later moved to Boston, Mass. for the convenience of his medical practice. In 1660, he was a prime mover in the purchase of Block Island.
 
Sarah Alcock died November 1665. John Alcock died at Boston 1667 and was buried at Roxbury. In the Roxbury Church Records, under date of November 27, 1665. Mr. Danforth, the minister writes:

'Mrs Sarah Alcock dyed, a vertuous woman... Two years later, March 27, 1667, it is recorded in the same book that 'Mr John Alcock, Physican, dyed. His liver dryed up and become schirrous.' Possibly an atopsy was made in this case."
 
 
Mary Alcock was only thirteen years old when her mother, Sarah Alcock, died  Her twin sisters were fifteen and baby brother was only three. Their father died 1667. He left his estate to his nine children, His estate was obviously adequate to provide for his children’s care. Apparently the Alcock children remained in Roxbury, where the Lambs looked after them.
 
By 1667 Josuha Lamb was about twenty-five and probably still living with his step-mother in Roxbury. Josuha and Mary Alcock were married in 1674. Mary was eighteen while Josuha was thirty-three. Their first child, Josuha was born in Springfield on 3 October 1674. Dorothy Lamb was born in 1679. George was born in 1681.; three babies born died within a year. Mary then gave birth to two boys in 1686 and 1687.  Dorothy Lamb married Dudley Woodbridge in 1706.
 

The Author to Her Book

Massachusetts, 1642—a devoted Puritan wife and mother has a taken to writing poetry in her spare time, most likely because, well, she’s read so much of it, and in so many languages, that she thought she’d try her hand at it. While she uses some of her poems for teaching purposes in the small school that serves her community, the rest she keeps quietly tucked away. A Puritan writing poetry, not to mention a woman? Now that was definitely not very seemly. At least, that’s how most folks looked at it.
 
At some point in 1647, one of this woman’s sneaky relatives discovers the poems while rummaging in the young woman’s desk (why he was doing that, we have no idea). He peruses them, realizes they are exceptional, copies them out, takes them with him to London and has them published three years later in 1650.
 
Neat story, huh? You could probably make a movie out of it. It’s true too. At least, for several hundred years that has been the accepted story of the publication of Anne Bradstreet’s first (and only—at least during her lifetime) book of poems, entitled The Tenth Muse, Lately Sprung Up in America Anyway, the story goes that Bradstreet’s brother-in-law, one John Woodbridge, stole the poems, or copied them, and then had them published in England in 1650, much to his sister-in-law’s dismay (so it seems). (Still, some people  So, why didn’t Bradstreet go ahead and publish those poems if they were so great? Well, as we said, that wouldn’t have been very appropriate. On top of that, however, we suspect that Bradstreet wasn’t very proud of her poems, or felt that they weren’t good enough, or was more concerned about raising her children in, and teaching others about, Puritan ideals than selling books of poetry. A lot of this stuff—the theft of the book, fears about her artistic ability—appears in “The Author to Her Book,” a poem that was first published in 1678 (after Bradstreet’s death) in a collection that is sometimes referred to as the “second edition” of the Tenth Muse, even though it was just called Several Poems. You can check out a very fine version of this later volume right.
 
The biggest irony about this whole business, however, is the book’s title. For a poet that wanted to keep quiet, and wasn’t interested in publishing, the branding of herself as the tenth muse is pretty darn bold. In Greek and Roman mythology, the muses were a group of nine deities that inspired art of all kinds (painting, sculpture, poetry, drama, etc.). Even after the Greek and Roman cultures were wiped out, the whole idea of being inspired by a muse continued. Anyway, Bradstreet’s title says, essentially, “I’m not just any old poet, I’m the newest muse, and I live here in America.” It’s both a claim to superior artistic ability (I’m on par with the patron deities of art) and a claim to American, as opposed to European, artistic fertility (America as the new place for great poetry). - Shmoop Editorial Team. (2008, November 11). The Author to Her Book. Retrieved January 25, 2016, from http://www.shmoop.com/the-author-to-her-book/
Thou ill-form’d offspring of my feeble brain,
Who after birth didst by my side remain,
Till snatched from thence by friends, less wise than true,
Who thee abroad, expos’d to publick view,
Made thee in raggs, halting to th’ press to trudge,
Where errors were not lessened (all may judg).
At thy return my blushing was not small,
My rambling brat (in print) should mother call,
I cast thee by as one unfit for light,
Thy Visage was so irksome in my sight;
Yet being mine own, at length affection would
Thy blemishes amend, if so I could:
I wash’d thy face, but more defects I saw,
And rubbing off a spot, still made a flaw.
I stretched thy joynts to make thee even feet,
Yet still thou run’st more hobling then is meet;
In better dress to trim thee was my mind,
But nought save home-spun Cloth, i’ th’ house I find.
In this array ’mongst Vulgars mayst thou roam.
In Criticks hands, beware thou dost not come;
And take thy way where yet thou art not known,
If for thy Father askt, say, thou hadst none:
And for thy Mother, she alas is poor,
Which caus’d her thus to send thee out of door.
 
By Anne Bradstreet 1612–1672 the most prominent of early English poets of North America and first female writer in the British North American colonies to be published.

Dudley's Estate Inventory