The Link Ancestors

The German Palatines were early 18th century emigrants from the Middle Rhine region of the Holy Roman Empire. Towards the end of the 17th century and into the 18th, the wealthy region was repeatedly invaded by French troops, which resulted in continuous military requisitions, widespread devastation and famine. The "Poor Palatines" were some 13,000 Germans who migrated to England between May and November 1709. Their arrival in England, and the inability of the British Government to integrate them, caused a highly politicized debate over the merits of immigration. The English tried to settle them in England, Ireland and the Colonies.
 
The English transported nearly 3,000 German Palatines in ten ships to New York in 1710. Many of them were first assigned to work camps along the Hudson River to work off their passage. Close to 850 families settled in the Hudson River Valley, primarily in what are now Germantown and Saugerties, New York. In 1723 100 heads of families from the work camps were the first Europeans to acquire land west of Little Falls, New York, in present-day Herkimer County on both the north and south sides along the Mohawk River. Later additional Palatine Germans settled along the Mohawk River for several miles, founding towns such as Palatine Bridge, and in the Schoharie Valley.
Settlement by Palatines on the east side (East Camp) of the Hudson River was accomplished as a result of Governor Hunter's negotiations with Robert Livingston, who owned Livingston Manor. [There were three locations: New York City, East Camp and West Camp] m Livingston was anxious to have his lands developed. The Livingstons benefited for many years from the revenues they received as a result of this business venture.
 
The West Camp was located on land the Crown had recently "repossessed" as an "extravagant grant.” The British Crown believed that the Palatines could work and be “useful to this kingdom, particularly in the production of naval stores, and as a frontier against the French and their Indians.” The Palatines were expected to work for the British authorities, producing naval stores [tar and pitch] for the navy in return for their passage to NY.
 
On September 6, 1712, work was halted “Within the next five years, many Palatines moved elsewhere: Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York. Quite a few established themselves on Livingston Manor, where they had originally been settled]. Some forty or fifty families went to Schoharie between September 12th and October 31, 1712."
 
A report in 1718 placed 100 heads of families from the work camps were settled on 100 acres in the Mohawk River Valley, just west of Little Falls. They were the first Europeans to be allowed to buy land that far west in the valley. The Palatine communities gradually extended along both sides of the Mohawk River to Canajoharie. They taught their children German and used the language in churches for nearly 100 years. Many Palatines married only within the German community until the 19th century. Reference - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

GERMANY

The 1710 Palatines

 
The Linck, Kuhn and Kilmer families all originated in the German Palatinate, and came with the immigrants to New York in the 1709/1710 migration. The families all settled at Livingston Manor and are very much intertwined.  Apparently the only people in town were the Kuhns, the Kilmers and the Lincks.  Johannes Kuhn will grow up to marry Margaretha Kilmer in 1747. Anna Elizabeth Kuhn will grow up to marry Johannes Linck. Simon Kuhn will grow up to marry Cathatina Linck in 1745. Johannes Kuhn will grow up to marry Margaretha Kilmer in 1747.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The founder of the Hudson Valley Kilmer family was indeed George Kuhlman/Kilmer. George Kilmer was born in Hesse-Cassell, Germany about 1675. Georg Kilmer was also known as Hans Jury, Jurich John Georg and many other names. The spelling of the surname Kilmer was also Kuhlmann.  George  Kilmer had four children by his first wife. Various names and number of children can be found on the internet. Eva died June 1708. December 1709 he married Anna Margaretha Weber. They sailed with his four children: Elisabeth (1696), Simon (1698), Johannes (1708 and infant son, Philip. Georg Kuhlman made his first appearance on the Hunter lists 4 July 1710 with 2 persons over 10 years of age and 3 persons under 10. He was recorded with 4 persons over 10 and 3 under 10 years on 4 August 1710, with 6 persons over 10 and 1 under 10 on 24 June 1712, and with 6 persons over 10 and 2 under 10 on 13 September 1712. Confusing but indicates a baby must have been more.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Samuel and Johann Jacob Kuhn were among Palatines who sailed in 1710. Each brought their families and settled  Germantown, Columbia County NY. It was very confusing to search the internet and determine who was whose parents. There were three generations of Kuhn ancestors who arrived in 1710.

Samuel Kuhn was born 1664 at Langenselbold, Nassau Hessen, Prussia (Germany) Johann Jacob Kuhn was born in 1665.  It is thought that Samuel and Johann Jacob were brothers. Their parents were Hans Kuhn and Catharina Kuhn.
 
Samuel married Magdalena Berthen 1 Nov 1688 at Huttengesass, Hessen-Nassau, Prussia. Magdalena Berthen was born about 1665. They came to America in 1710 with their children and grandchildren.  Samuel Kuhn, Sr. died on the sixth of September in 1712 in Elizabethville, New York. He's buried at the Kuhn Burial Ground, in Elizabethville, New York, on the ancient Coon farm. . Catharine, his widow, lived many years longer and was last mentioned in February 1736 as a baptismal sponsor with her son Veltin and wife, for a child of Veltin's daughter.
Johann Jacob Kuhn married Mariah Elisabeth (unknown), then immigrated to New York in 1710, accompanied by their children. Johann Wilhelm Kuhn and his wife, Elisabeth Kilmer Kuhn sailed with their children.   Heinrich and his wife, Anna Gertraut Falckenberg Kuhn sailed. Anna Maria Kuhn and her husband sailed to America with their children: Veltim (Valentin) and Conrad (Coenradt).
Johann Wilhelm Linck was baptized in 1685 at Flammerfield, Germany. Johann married at Flammerfield, Germany on 2 June 1709 to Anna Eva Firsbach. That same year the newlyweds sailed for America. Johann & Anna Linck were passengers on Capt. Johan Facit's ship from Holland in the fifth party of the first migration of the Palatines. He first appears in "Hunter Lists" in 1710 and several more times until 24 June 1712 with two persons over age of 10 and two under 10. Johann Wilhelm Linck was a Palatine volunteer for the 1711 expedition into Canada.  Anna Gertraud Linck, their first child was born 1714. Johann Linck was also one of the few Palatines who did not go to Schoharie NY, but stayed at Livingston Manor. Johann and his wife along with three children were recorded at Wormsdorff (Annsbury) about 1716/1717. He was naturalized at Albany 14 Feb. 1716. Records indicate that Johann Wilhelm Linck was listed as a Palatine Debtor in 1718, 1721 and 1726. In 1726,  This is all we know about Johann Wilhelm Linck.
Kilmer Kuhn Link Continues
Elisabeth Kilmer and Simon Kilmer were children of George Kuhlmann (Kilmer) who immigrated to New York in  1710 Elisabeth was only six years old and her brother, Simon, was eleven years old when their family came to New England.
 
Elisabeth Kilmer married Johnan Wilhelm Kuhn before August 1719. John and Elisabeth had nine children between 1720 and 1746. Their daughter, Anna Elizabeth Kuhn was born 1 April 1720 at Central Camp of the Germans on the East Bank of the Hudson. She will grow up to marry Johannes Linck. Their second child, Simon Kuhn, was born in 1721; he will grow up to marry Cathatina Linck in 1745. Another son, Johannes Kuhn born in 1734, will grow up to marry Margaretha Kilmer in 1747.
 
In 1722 Simon Kilmer married Elizabeth Fonck. Simon first settled at Kingston and then at Rhinebeck NY. Simon and Elizabeth Kilmer had twelve children. Pieter Kilmer was born in 1732; he will grow up to marry and have a little girl, Maria Kilmer who marries a young man by the name of William Link.

Johannes Linck and  Elizabeth Kuhn

Pieter Kilmer

Johannes Linck was born at Livingston Manor, New York about 1720. He was the third son and seventh child on Johann and Anna Linck. Johann and Anna Linck had migrated to America with the Palatines in 1710.
Johannes Linck joined the Germantown Reformed Church in 1743. Johannes Linck married at Germantown, NY on 21 April 1747 to Anna Elizabeth Kuhn. Anna was born about 1729, near Upper Red Hook in Rhinebeck NY. Her parents had migrated to America with the Palatines of 1710 and lived at Livingston Manor, NY.
 
Johannes Linck was married at Germantown, NY on 21 April 1747 to Anna Elizabeth Kuhn. Johannes and Anna Linck had eleven children; the first two children were born at Germantown NY.
 
The family then moved to Red Hook, Dutchess County NY.  Wilhelm (William) was the third child and first son born on 28 March 1753 at Red Hook  Johannes Linck was on the tax rolls, at North East in Dutchess Co. from February 1753 to 1779. Johannes Linck died in 1801 at the age of seventy-nine.
Pieter Kilmer was born in 1732. He was the fifth child of twelve children born to Simon and Elizabeth Kilmer. Now his father's sister was also Elizabeth but they spelled her name "Elisabeth" Aunt Elisabeth was married to Johan Wilhelm Kuhn. His cousin, Anna Elizabeth Kuhn and Pieter Kilmer were very close.

Pieter Kilmer maried Maria Allen. They had a little girl named Maria in 1761. Maria Kilmer was only sixteen when she married William Linck. Now William was the son of Pieter's cousin, Ann Elizabeth Kuhn Linck!

William Linck and  Maria Kilmer

William Linck married Maria Kilmer on 2 July 1777. Maria Kilmer was the daughter of Peter and Maria Allen Kilmer and born in 1761. Maria was only sixteen when she married William. William Linck served in the Revolutionary War as an enlisted man in the 10th Regiment of the Albany County Militia. He also served in the 5th Regiment of the Dutchess County Militia.
 
William and Maria's first child, Elizabeth was born at Rhinebeck in 1778. Before 1785 they had four more children. In 1785 William and Maria moved their family to Copake Lake, where William bought or leased about 200 acres of land. Phillip Linck was born at Red Hook, Rhinebeck, NY on 15 June 1785. After Phillip, eleven more children were born for a total of seventeen children between 1778 and 1804.

Phillip Linck

Phillip Linck was the sixth child of seventeen children born between 1798 and 1804. He was married on 22 March 1819 to Jane Post, who was born 4 August 1796. Phillip and Jane Linck raised their family at Root, Charlestown NY, where Phillip died on 2 August 1859 and Jane on 29 April 1874; both are buried at the Four Corners Cemetery. Most of this family were members of the Reformed Church of Charlestown and Canajoharie.
 
Phillip and Jane had eight children: David Linck was born on 31 January 1822, and was baptized at Root, N.Y

David Link

David Linck was born on 31 January 1822, and was baptized at  Charleston NY  on 7 April 1822. 
 
He married, at Canajoharie, N.Y. in the English Evangelical Lutheran Church on 17 July 1853, to Eva Eliza Lettice, who was born (or baptized) at Root on 4 February 1835 (and was probably the daughter of James Lettice). She was eighteen and he was thirty-one.
 
David Linck moved his family to Johnston, N.Y., about 1860. David was a farmer and the census of 1870 indicated that he had 122 acres of land, worth $5300. He owned 4 horses, 14 cows, 19 sheep, 3 pigs, and 2 oxen.

David dropped the "c" from his surname and the spelling of Link remained unchanged thereafter. David and Eva had at least three children. Addison - our ancestor was born in 1854; Charles was born in 1855, and Franklin was born on 26 May 1856.
 
David Link died at Charlestown, N.Y. on 25 August 1885. Eva stayed on the farm and survived the Johnstown Floof.  On May 31, 1889, a neglected dam and a phenomenal storm led to a catastrophe in which 2,209 people died. After David's death and the flood Eva (Lettice) Linck resided at Johnston for many years, where she was an ardent member of the Methodist Church.
 
She spent the last eleven years of her life at Fort Plain, with her
granddaughter, Ethel Link DeWandelaer. Eva died at Fort Plain, N.Y., on 26 November 1921.
Addison Link
Addison Link was born at Root, New York, on 18 April 1854 where his two youngr brithers were born. In 1860 his family moved to Johntown NY. where his father was a farmer.
 
Addison married at Four Corners (Charlestown, N.Y.) on 4 March 1876 to Grace Alida Stokes. She was born (or baptized) on 26 February 1860 to John and Sarah Stokes. On May 31, 1889, a neglected dam and a phenomenal storm led to a catastrophe in which 2,209 people died. . About 1890 Addison and Grace moved to Johnston, NY. His mother had remained in Johnstown after his father's death in 1885.
 
Grace was a Methodist and died at Albany on 6 September 1910. Addison died in his home at Johnston, N.Y., on 31 December 1910. They had three children: Ethel (Effa) J. Link was born in 1879. Twins, Franklin (twins) and Minnie Elizabeth were born on 31 January 1882.
 
Franklin Link married Helga --. He died about 1950,and had one daughter, Margery Grace, who was born about 1923 and married about 1950 to Ford Blumenthal
 
Minnie Elizabeth married William H. Taylor. She died 10 January 1969 at Philadelphia, and had no children. Minnie was like a mother to Ethel's children, Dorothy and Ruth DeWandelaer. Ethel died in 1932 after a long seperation from her husband, Edward Percy DeWandelaer.
 
Ethel  (Effa) Jane Link was born at Root, N.Y., on 14 November 1879 to Addison and Grace Link. Ethel had a younger brother and sister, Frank and Minnie. Frank and Minnie were twins born in 1882 .Ethel Link married, about 1903, to Edward Percy DeWandelaer from Fort Plain. Root was only 12.4 miles south of Fort Plain along the Mohawk River.
Ethel Effa Link
Ethel Effa J. Link was born at Root, N.Y., on 14 November 1879 to Addison and Grace Link. Ethel had a younger brother and sister, Frank and Minnie. Frank and Minnie were twins born in 1882  Ethel Link married, about 1903, to Edward Percy DeWandelaer, who was known as "Percy". Percy was born at Fort Plain, New York on 17 March 1876 and the only child of Delmar J. DeWandelaer and Emma Louisa Truax. The DeWandelaers lived in Ft. Plain where Percy's father had a furniture/undertaker business.
 
Ethel (Link) and Percy DeWandelaer lived in Ft. Plain NY. They had two children: Dorothy J.and DeWandelaer, born on 28 June 1904, and Ruth Rosemary, born in 1905.
 
Franklin Link married Helga --. He died about 1950,and had one daughter, Margery Grace, who was born about 1923 and married about 1950 to Ford Blumenthal. Margery graduated from Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania and became a New York City advertising executive,.
 
Minnie Elizabeth married William H. Taylor. She died 10 January 1969 at Philadelphia, and had no children. Minnie was like a mother to Ethel's children, Dorothy and Ruth DeWandelaer. Ethel died in 1932 after a long seperation from her husband, Edward Percy DeWandelaer.
 
Ethel's husband left her and the girls sometime in the early 1920s. I suspect that Ethel remained in Ft. Plain until her daughters grew up. Apparently her sister, Minni,e saw to it the Dorothy and Ruth had all the advantages in life.
 
Ethel was a Methodist and died at Amsterdam, New York on 5 February 1932 at the age of fifty-three, while Edward died at Phoenix, Az. in 1942, after a long separation from his wife.